All You Should Know About Diabetes

All You Should Know About Diabetes

About 350 million people in the whole world have diabetes and the death amount is about 3.5 million per year. Many people are suffering from the grievous complications of diabetes mellitus. So, everyone should know about its cause, sign-symptom and way of control etc.

Diabetes Mellitus is a clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to relative or absolute deficiency of insulin. Diabetes Mellitus may be symptomatic or asymptomatic. It may be latent; when stress on islet cells occurs then “Latent Diabetes Mellitus” appears- like during pregnancy, stress. In Type-1 diabetes mellitus, IDDM (Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus), there is autoimmune destruction of insulin producing beta cell. In Type-2 diabetes mellitus, NIDDM (Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus), there is resistance to the action of insulin.


Sign & Symptoms

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus are dry mouth, thirst, increased urine output, increased urinary frequency, nocturia,  increased hunger, fatigue, tiredness, recent change in weight, blurring of vision, itching in vulvae, diabetic foot, gangrene and so on.

In case of IDDM, patient will be thin and the patient of NIDDM is obese.

Diabetic patient present with various complications like eye problem, severe nerve damage, loss of sensation, heart problem, fungal infection of a skin, diabetic foot, heart attack.


Identifying Diabetes Mellitus

If you want to identify whether you have diabetes then do RBS, you can do this test in your home by using Glucometer. If the RBS level is 7.0 or higher, then do further test- Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), Two hour after breakfast Test (2hABF) and check this level by a Doctor. The interpretation is following:


<5.6 mmol/L                       –              No Diabetes

5.6- 6.9 mmol/L                 –              Pre-Diabetic (Future Chance of having Diabetes)

≥7.0 mmol/L                       –              Diabetic





<7.8 mmol/L                      –              No Diabetes

7.8- 11.0 mmol/L              –              Pre-Diabetic (Future Chance of                                                                            having Diabetes)

≥11.1 mmol/L                    –              Diabetic




If those tests determine you as diabetic, then take necessary steps for its control and be safe from complications.


How to Control Diabetes

The rule of diabetes control is within the Code Word “DDDEM”:

D             –              Diet

D             –              Do Exercise

D             –              Drug

E              –              Education

M            –              Monitoring


Diabetic patient should take diabetic diet by consulting with the nutritionist. In diet calories should be measured properly. Sugar containing food should be avoided.

Everyday 30 minutes exercise is very helpful for controlling diabetes and lead healthy life. Oral diabetic drug or in some cases insulin need to take by the advice of the doctor. Diabetic education is very important to keep it under control. Blood Sugar should be monitored properly as more Blood Sugar is dangerous, but less Blood Sugar is far more dangerous, sometimes fatal to life even.


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  1. Nadeem Xavier
    May 01, 04:37 Reply

    HI, very good article.

    Thanks for sharing. keep up the good work

  2. lalit
    May 26, 08:13 Reply

    great information provide in this article thanks for it
    great job

  3. Dr
    October 21, 08:19 Reply


    Good work

    Nice article

    Keep up the good work


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